Education is something on which we can write as much as we can. One can go out of words while explaining the importance of education. But this quote from the great Mandela tells us a lot about education and its importance.
“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”– Nelson Mandela
It is proved that a country’s development is primarily based on its people and its resources. The developed countries have yielded greater benefits from education. They have worked through its quality that led them to sustainable socio-economic growth and progress.
Pakistan however lacks progress in the education sector. Because the education sector in Pakistan is the most neglected. As of 2008, Pakistan has a literacy rate of 49.9%. Currently, the literacy rate in Pakistan lies approximately at 58%. Which as a comparison to other countries is very low. Pakistan in terms of illiteracy is the second-highest country with out-of-school children. Every person of Pakistan has the right to education, and Article 25 A of the constitution requires the state to offer free and obligatory quality education to children aged five to sixteen years.
The government is seeking to fulfill its responsibility by opening public sector schools, which represents a ray of hope for Pakistan’s poor and illiterate citizens. Pakistan’s education system has 260,903 institutions that serve 41,018,384 pupils. There are 180,846 public and 80,057 private institutions in the system.
Want to read more about importance of education, please check this article.
POLICY & PLANNING
Education policy is something we need to develop and own at the national level. Preparing it at the federal level and imposing it on the provinces is inefficient and ineffective. Also, there have been at least nine documents released in Pakistan that have the status of a policy. Each policy was developed with varying degrees of participation and input from the federating units.
CAUSES OF DOWNFALL:
A major factor in this situation is however the increase in poverty. The world bank reports that poverty in Pakistan has had a huge increase in poverty from 4.4 percent to 5.4 percent in 2020. So, Over 2 million people now lie under the poverty line.
Due to this factor parents tend to put their children into earning through labor, resulting in them in not going to school and ultimately wasting the child’s future.
Importance Of Education In Women
In Pakistan, women’s literacy is still poor when compared to men’s. Women make up a small percentage of the population. Women’s status in Pakistan, particularly in rural regions, is low due to societal and cultural barriers. One of the weirdest elements of Pakistan is that some families, particularly in the northern tribal areas, oppose girls’ education. The situation in the NWFP and Baluchistan is extremely dangerous. As a result, Women’s literacy rates range from 3 to 8%. Many groups have opened schools to provide education in these places. Unfortunately, the government has taken no action or made any measures in these areas to promote literacy and girls’ education. In 1981, just 7% of the population was female.
Women’s backwardness is a result of their lack of equal treatment. Industrialized countries treat men and women equally. This inequitable treatment of women is causing the country to regress. In Pakistan, the Government needs to establish a system of education that provides male and female students with equal educational possibilities.
Private Vs Public Sector
Pakistan’s education system has 260,903 institutions that serve 41,018,384 pupils. There are 180,846 public and 80,057 private institutions in the system.
Hence The private sector manages 31% of educational institutions. Whereas, the public sector manages 69%. These governmental and private sector institutes have increased Pakistan’s literacy rate by up to 250 percent in recent years, but the purpose of a school or educational institute is to offer students with skillful knowledge and training, not only to improve the literacy rate. Moreover, the curriculum in government schools is extremely diverse and not comparable to that in private schools.
To further read about the education in Pakistan, see this article where situation of literacy is discussed in details.